Least Flycatcher

photo by Phil Swanson

Empidonax minimus
L 5 1/4″ (13 cm).

Song or calls:
Song is dry “che-bek,” with the accent on the second syllable. Call is sharp “whit.”

Description: Sexes similar. Gray to olive-gray above; bold white eye ring; two white wing bars; proportionately large head; whitish throat; gray wash on breast; belly and undertail coverts are pale yellow. Bill is short, triangular, and the lower mandible is mostly pale. Juvenile is browner above, and the wing bars are buffy.

Bird Map
Habitat: Occurs in floodplain forests in grassland areas, scattered grovelands, shelterbelts, and urban parks and gardens.

Where in Nebraska: Common spring and fall migrant across the state. Rare summer resident, with breeding occuring in north and northeastern Nebraska.

Field Notes: Smallest eastern Empidonax flycatcher.

Fun Facts: The adult Least Flycatcher will migrate to their wintering grounds before molting.

Least Flycatcher - photo by Phil Swanson Least Flycatcher - photo by Phil Swanson
(click image for larger view)